Below is a graph of the percentage of casualties plotted for each ship along the three battle columns. The order of British ships in the table is the one of that moment. The battle order was based on planned order of attack. Ships of the Line - Trafalgar 1805. Thus the lee line would act by the same instructions, turning to starboard, sail through to the 12th ship from the end. Taking a bearing on the 12th ship from the end, they were to sail through to it, while the weather column sailed through to the centre. Sell Us Yours. Spanish-made, Spanish-language board game; English-translated rules set included (& available as PDF from publisher's website). 100% satisfaction guaranteed. HMS Africa, somewhat detached to the north due to a combination of weather and a missed signal during the night, was supposed to have been fourth from last, in the lee column. "Trafalgar 1805" recreates the clash between the British fleet - commanded by Admiral Nelson - and the Spanish-French combined force - led by Admirals Villeneuve and Gravina - that took place on October 21st, 1805. He needed Villeneuve in the Mediterranean and issued an order to sail out of Cadiz immediately. The days of weather analysis and radio reports were far ahead. The plan of battle from a sailor's point of view, The constraints of sailing and sailing vessels. He believed the combined fire of shore and ship was the best chance of destroying Nelson. Depicted from left to right are HMS Temeraire, Redoutable and HMS Victory. The Order of battle at the Battle of Trafalgar is a presentation of data such as is known concerning the commanders and the ships that shaped the Battle of Trafalgar on 21 October 1805. “Ships of the line: Trafalgar 1805” is a game system that is designed to simulate naval battles that took place in the period from 1740 to the end of the Napoleonic era in 1815. "Trafalgar 1805" recreates the clash between the British fleet - commanded by Admiral Nelson - and the Spanish-French combined force - led by Admirals Villeneuve and Gravina - that took place on October 21st, 1805. A square rigged ship cannot sail within 6 points (67.5 degrees) either side of the wind. A ship with the storm wind abeam is struck longitudinally and rolls treacherously, running a risk of capsizing. Nelson's link to the enemy was an unobtrusive line of spy ships. Desea que todos sus productos sean de su agrado. Such concepts as "sailing order" and "battle order" are constructs. Type: Boxed Game. 1793, First Lieutenant. In order to travel in that direction, it must "fall off," or move to an angle with the wind on one side or the other, a "tack." Included are tabular presentations of the fleets that participated in the battle, the order in which they sailed and attacked, and a graph of the percentage of casualties plotted for each ship along the three battle columns. The roster lists of the ships before sailing were generally used. To avoid that risk the captain must run before the wind. 21st October 1805. What was a ship of the line? The combined fleet consisted of 40 vessels with 18 French ships of the line and 15 Spanish ships of the line.. The side of a ship toward the wind is called the "weather" or "upwind" side; away, the "lee" or "downwind" side (refer to Windward and leeward). Bring it within the allowed angles for close-hauling. Os queremos presentar Panzerkampf, otro de l... Aquí os subo una partida que hicimos el pasado sábado d... Hola !!! The complements of the ships also were variable. There is general disagreement on the exact order and the exact numbers, but, on the whole, the different estimates are close to each other and can probably be taken as accurate within a few per cent. If the enemy van tacked or wore in an effort to stage a rescue, the British fleet would station itself between them and the captured and disabled ships, and defeat them in further battle. Nelson seems to have believed the enemy line would have the same direction of travel, anticlockwise around the British line. . Spanish ships of the line at some hypothetical moment just before engagement. The early historians of the battle were not sure of what they were, nor did they know exactly what the casualties were. All directions are evaluated with regard to the wind. After a six month game of cat and mouse across the Atlantic, 27 British ships of the line engaged the Allied force of 33 ships of the line. Rear-Admiral The Rt Hon. Turning to starboard they could glide downwind to the enemy and strike him wherever they pleased. Nelson was the Duke of Bronte; he signed much of his official correspondence with this conceit. In the Games and dice blog He made an in-depth analysis of the game: discovering a wargame. Includes 60 plastic (PVC) miniature ships to simulate the key Napoleonic naval battle of Trafalgar, 1805, which ended the French naval threat to England. The helm is put over, the sails go limp, they are adjusted to fill on the other side. HMS Victory, launched at Chatham in 1765, was a 100-gun ship of the line with a length of 186 feet Afterward there were plenty of reports. Prior to then they had been sailing north to south. The fleet was a high peak of fighting efficiency having been at sea blockading the French for almost two years. Size of the fleets at the Battle of Trafalgar: 32 British ships (25 ships of the line, 4 Frigates and smaller craft), 23 French ships and 15 Spanish ships (33 ships of the line, 7 Frigates and smaller craft). Earl of Northesk, Rear-Admiral Báltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros, Vice-Admiral Ignacio María de Álava y Navarrete, Rear-Admiral Charles-René Magon de Médine, Charles-Eusèbe Lhospitalier de la Villemadrin, Louis-Charles-Auguste Delamarre de Lamellerie, https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/news-and-latest-activity/features/trafalgar-day/battle-of-trafalgar, hnelson.iespana.es Battle of Trafalgar - Federico Carlos Gravina y Nápoli, "A Life on The Ocean Wave: Death and Disease in Nelson's Navy", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Order_of_battle_at_the_Battle_of_Trafalgar&oldid=998215647, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from December 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 09:46. Copyright de Trafalgar Editions excepto lo que se especifique en cada caso de Crisanto Lorente. For example, casualties for the Victory are plotted at 20%. The graph is a construct only. It could take a considerable time for that many ships to get out of port, even under the best conditions. Battle tactics of the 150 years prior to Trafalgar concentrated on “the line”. Twenty-seven British ships of the line led by Admiral Lord Nelson aboard HMS Victory defeated thirty-three French and Spanish ships of the line under French Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve off the south-west coast of Spain, just west of Cape Trafalgar. Having lost two ships of the line to Vice Admiral Robert Calder, Villeneuve put into port at Ferrol, Spain. The 20 ships to the front were to be ignored. Ships of the line, large warships well-armed with guns down each side but vulnerable on bow and stern, would be arranged in line to stand and fight the enemy’s line by firing broadsides. He must have judgement and skill, and is evaluated by the men on that skill. If they succeeded in breaking the enemy line, they could then take on the enemy piecemeal. But still she fought on, refusing to strike her colours. The following listing shows the French and Nelson hoped to destroy all the ships to the rear before the enemy's van could wear round. During the battle itself the entire line broke into small units and individual ships. Ships of the Line is a naval combat system that simulates battles between 1740 and 1815 at the tactical level. If they could fetch the enemy on the current tack, they were to turn to port perpendicular to the enemy column (or near it). At that time the second half of the single line would sail along the leeward side of the first. After a six month game of cat and mouse across the Atlantic, 27 British ships of the line engaged the Allied force of 33 ships of the line. In 1804 the Royal Navy only had 63 ships of the line deemed fit for service outside of home waters, whereas the combined fleet of Spain and France mustered over 100, thus showing it was only a matter of time before the Royal Navy lost naval supremacy. The sails "are full;" that is, fully curved, only at certain angles to the wind direction. 2 Help sheets of tables (tables and shifts). The 1st and 2nd rate ships were too clumsy for this duty, but a well manned and handled 74 gunner could skirt around an enemy of equal size, and even outmaneuver some of the smaller ships if the wind was in her favor. However, because of the huge distance a square-rigger had to travel before it could fill its sails again, tacking would only be done in a dire emergency; where speed of manoeuvre outweighed the enormous risk of being caught in irons. 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