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Next lesson. This is decidedly the oldest city of South India, truly representing Dravidian culture. During his reign, many ‘Mandapams’ (pillared halls) were built. The outer walls have four towering gateways, allowing devotees and pilgrims to enter the complex from all four directions. The entire structure, when viewed from above, represents a mandala. The temple has 14 towers known as Gopurams, the tallest of the tower zooms to a height of 170 feet. The temple was once again expanded by Thirumalai Nayak who ruled over Madurai from 1623 to 1655. Legend has it that he captured Indralok, the home of Lord Indra, and was also on his way to capture Kailash, the home of Lord Shiva. The history of Meenakshi Temple dates back to the 1st century C.E with scholars claiming it to be as old as the city itself. The entire structure, when viewed from above, represents a mandala. Since temples in those days had abundance of valuables, most of the temples were destroyed and were left in ruins. The temple also portrays the cordial relationship between Shaivism, Vaishnavism and Shaktism. Vijayanagara period . Gullu often conveys legendary scenes.Also read:- Places to visit in Shimlaimage source- google. The temple also contains a dedicated pond called "Porthamarai Kulam". This architectural masterpiece is a finest example of Dravidian style of architecture. Located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in Madurai, this Hindu temple is an epitome of classic architecture with murals so gorgeous that it will take your breath away. Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. In this post I will talk about Sree Meenakshi Amman temple in Madurai city of Tamilnadu, India. The Temple Architecture The Madurai Meenakshi Temple is one of the largest temples in India and is an architectural wonder. MEENAKSHI. Even today, the wedding ceremony is celebrated every year as ‘Chithirai Thiruvizha’ which is also known as ‘Tirukalyanam’ (the grand wedding). The temple is enclosed with huge walls, which were built in response to the invasions. Architectural Style. In the Tamil folklore, the pond is believed to be an evaluator for reviewing the worth of any new literature. The most important part of Madurai tour, this temple was built during the Pandya reign and is now under the administration of HR and CE department of Tamil Nadu. A mandala is a structure built according to the laws of symmetry and loci. It is the main attraction of the city and pilgrims come to the place in the search of spirituality and peace. But the reign of the Nayaks marks the golden period of Madurai when art, architecture and learning flourished expansively. According to the researchers, during the reconstruction of the temple, the rulers of the Nyaka dynasty followed the architectural style "Silpa Shastras". Email. Meenakshi stems out of the designer’s journey for exploration, reverence for design and love for detail in the architecture of the temple towns in Tamil Nadu, India. When Shiva appeared before her, Meenakshi's third breast disappeared and she knew that she had met her best half. It is said that Kulashekarar Pandyan, a king who ruled over the Pandyan dynasty, built the temple as per the instructions given in his dream by Lord Shiva. During the 14th century C.E, Malik Kafur, a commander of Delhi Sultanate, led his army into most parts of southern India and looted many temples including the famed Meenakshi Temple. The temple was further expanded during the late 16th century and early 17th century by Vishwanatha Nayakar, a king of the Nayaka dynasty. "Yajna" was executed by a king named Malayadwaja Pandya with his wife Kanchannamalai. 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