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Nitrogen cycling and use efficiency of ruminants grazing pastures with and without forage legumes. The system involves grasses and ground legume (first stratum), shrub legumes (second stratum) and fodder trees (third stratum). Legumes—primarily clover and alfalfa (lucerne)—have leaves with less structural material and are generally higher in protein, energy, and calcium than grasses. Results of an 11-year study of Philippine and introduced fodder trees, forage legumes and tall bunch and short creeping grasses at the National Forage Park (total rainfall 1627-2931 mm) are discussed. Alfalfa is the most widely used legume in perennial hay stands and where good soil conditions, such as proper drainage and a pH of 6.6 to 7.0, are present. These crops are also used for hydroseeding as green cover for construction and mining sites. Adding legumes to forage mixtures will often increase forage quality. Forage & Pasture resources, information & sharing community. The main forage grass species that are bred at Lantmännen are timothy, meadow fescue, tall fescue and perennial ryegrass. in May 2010. 66:2-28. Grasses such as timothy, orchard grass, fescue, and Bermuda have more structural matter in their leaves. Considerable progress has been made in the implementation of this concept and research over the last 6 years has demonstrated considerable benefits. Diverse tropical forage grasses and legumes, by providing a valuable source of livestock feed, can help farmers improve meat and milk production and raise incomes. These varieties must have high dry matter production, excellent winter hardiness, high energy value, high palatability and reliable seed production. Legumes, like cool season grasses, have the majority of growth in the spring, but the summer slump is not as drastic. As horses graze through a pasture, they are likely to encounter a mixture of grasses, legumes, and weeds. In the present situation, native or naturalized pastures, usually dominated by grasses, make up the bulk of the forage consumed by the dairy animals reared by smallholders in the region. Description One of the major constraints in increasing ruminant productivity is the lack of good quality animal feed on a year-round basis. 3 talking about this. In forage production, an area of differing philosophy is what might be called, “the grass-versus-legume controversy.” Many forage crop experts seem to either lean heavily toward the predominant use of forage grasses, or they strongly favor the use of legumes whenever possible. -A.C.T. Grass and Forage Sci. Most effort is devoted to development varieties for hay making and silage. Sagana Farm sells forage seeds for goats, cattle, chicken, pigs, poultry and livestock in the Philipines. Cattle grazing nitrogen-fertilized smooth bromegrass pasture at the Eastern Nebraska Research and Extension Center at Mead, Neb. 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